ΕΡΕΥΝΑ  


improving ADAPTIVE functioning in profoundly mentally retarded and behavior-disordered ex hospitalized Adults. A CONTROL STUDY.
G.Gkantona¹, Α. Idreou²., E. Lefkaditi3. & N. Paritsis4
1. Psychologist, PhD in School & Developmental Psychology, Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, gkantona@yahoo.gr 2. Psychologist, MSc in Family Therapy, Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, kidreou@yahoo.co.uk 3. Social Worker, Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, e.lefkaditi@hotmail.com 4. Professor of Psychiatry, President of Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, nparitsis@gmail.com
Abstract
The present study focuses on extending previous research on the application of Human Systems Therapy (HST) towards the enhancement of adaptive behavior in people with severe pervasive developmental disorders living in a community setting. This study is a control one designed to test and further support the efficacy of previous findings regarding the application of General Systems’ principles, involved in HST, to everyday community practice. The comparison was carried out between two residential houses in the community, where people with severe mental retardation have been transferred to, following the Psychiatric reformation in Greece. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS, Sparrow, Balla & Cicchetti, 1984) were used as the main psychometric measurement of residents’ functioning levels. Repeated measurements’ analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used in order to estimate changes in subscales over the follow up period. In case of not normal variables the ranks were used. All p values reported were two-tailed. Statistical significance was set at 0.05 and analyses were conducted using SPSS statistical software (version 17.0). Comparison between the two community houses has shown that using HST resulted in significantly speeding up the residents’ rate of improvement. Additionally, the application of HST practice seemed to facilitate the maintenance of positive changes in residents’ functioning. Further research is needed to generate the effectiveness of this application in various clinical populations and settings.
Keywords: Human Systems Therapy (HST), people with severe pervasive developmental disorders, functioning 2 Human Systems Therapy for Individuals with Intellectual Disability
G.Gkantona¹, A. Idreou² & N. Paritsis³
1 Psychologist, PhD in School & Developmental Psychology, Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, gkantona@yahoo.gr 2 Psychologist, MSc in Family Therapy, Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, kidreou@yahoo.co.uk 3 Professor of Psychiatry, President of Society for Systems Therapy and Intervention, Greece, nparitsis@gmail.com
Abstract
The present study focuses on the application of systemic practice towards the enhancement of the adaptive behavior for people with severe pervasive developmental disorders that live in a community house after deinstitutionalization. The intervention consisted of the formation of a controlled stimulus context for the community house as a whole based on the principles of optimal variety and human systems therapy. A repeated measures experimental design revealed statistically significant improvement in the adaptive behaviors of the residents. Thus, the results indicate new directions for systemic therapy in people with mental disorders.
Keywords: Human Systems Therapy, adaptive behavior, deinstitutionalization, pervasive developmental disorders Επιστροφή